PORTUGAL HISTORY AND EVENTS - GERMANIC KINGDOMS

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3rd Period - Germanic Kingdoms
(5th Century BC to 7th Century AD)

5th C. --
409 Visigoths invade the Peninsular
410 Rome is sacked by invading Visigoths led by Alaric I (395-410)
410 Ataulf becomes King of Visigoths (410-415)
411 Suevian establishes kingdom of Galicia led by Hermeric (409-438) and include the area of future northern Portugal
414 Saint Augustine is visited by Paulus Orosius a cleric from Braga
415 "De fide" written by cleric Baquiário from Braga
415 Visigoths invade and drive out Vandals from Peninsular
415 Sigeric becomes King of Visigoths (415)
415 Wallia becomes King of Visigoths (415-417)
417 Visigoths led by Wallia start to drive the tribes out of the Iberian Peninsular
417 Theodoric I becomes King of Visigoths (417-451)
417 Balconius appointed Bishop of Braga
426 The Alan King is killed in battle with the Visigoths
427 Hydatius appointed Bishop of Aquae Flaviae (Chaves)
429 The Alans are driven by the Visigothe into North Africa
430 The Suevi become the dominant tribe in western half of the Peninsular
433 Braga is made see for Christian faith in the Iberian Peninsular
438 Suevi King Hermeric abdicates in favour of his son Requila (438-448)
446 Romans attempt to win back Peninsular territory
448 Suevi King Requila dies and leaves his kingdom to his son Requiario (448-456)- he marries the daughter of King Theodric I of the Visigoths
448 King Requiario imposes Catholic faith on Suevi population
448 King Requiario is defeated by Visigoths in battle led by Theodoric I
451 Thorismund becomes King of Visigoths (451-453)
453 Theodoric II becomes King of Visigoths (453-466)
456 Visigoths led by Theodoric II drive the Suevi into the north-west corner of the Peninsular - the Suevi king Rechiarius (448-456) is defeated
456 Suevi capital of Braga is sacked by the Visigoths led by Theodoric II
456 Suevi King Requiario is executed
456 Acoulf becomes King of the Suevi (456-457)
457 Aiuf appointed as leader of the Swabians is mudered before he can claim himself their King
458 Maldras becomes King of the Suevi (457-460) - his kingdom extended down to Lisbon
460 Richimund becomes King of the Suevi (460-463)
462 St Martin of Dumes is made Bishop of Braga
463 Remismundo reunites Suevi and becomes King
466 Euric becomes King of the Visigoths (466-484) - he successfully takes control the Iberian Peninsular
468 The Roman town of Conimbriga near Coimbra falls to the Suevi
468 Roman Governor of Lisbon surrenders to Suevi
469 Teodemundo becomes King of the Suevi
470 Euric conquers all of southern Galicia
475 Euric unites all Visigoths against Roman power which then grants them independence
476 Roman power overthrown when Germanic King Heruli declares himself King of Italy
484 Alaric II becomes King of the Visigoths (484-507)
6th C. --
501 Ecumenical Council of Braga
507 Alaric II killed in battle
507 The forces of the Franks after the battle of Vouillé pushes the remaining Visigoths back into Iberia
507 Gesalec becomes King of the Visigoths (507-508)
508 Amalaric becomes King of the Visigoths (508-511)
508 Theodoric becomes King of the Visigoths (511-526)
526 Amalaric becomes King of the Visigoths (410-415) - making Toledo his capital
427 Justinian becomes the Emperor in Rome
531 Theudis becomes King of the Visigoths (531-548)
537 Profuturus becomes Bishop of Braga
538 Swabian King Chararic converts to Catholicism
548 Theudigisel becomes King of the Visigoths (548-549)
549 Agila I becomes King of the Visigoths (549-554)
550 Karriarico becomes King of Suevi (550-559)
550 São Matininho de Dume (510-579) arrives in Portugal and founds the Mosteiro de Dume (Braga)
551 The Byzantine create an enclave in southern Hispania
554 Athanagild becomes King of the Visigoths (554-567)
558 St Martin arrives in Portugal and found the Monastery of Dume - his followers build 50 churches between Mondego and the Minho to support his preachings
559 Teodomiro becomes King of Suevi (559-570)
561 At the Ecumenical Council of Braga proclaimed the conversion of Suevi to Catholics
567 Theodomir becomes King of the Visigoths (567-571)
568 Leovigild becomes the last Arian King of the Visigoths
569 The Visigoths invade the Iberian Peninsular
570 Birth of Muhammad (570-632)
570 Miro becomes King of Suevi (570-582)
570 Leovigild starts a campaign to conquer the whole of Iberia
571 Liuva I becomes King of the Visigoths (571-572)
572 Liuvigildo becomes King of the Visigoths (572-586)
582 Eboric becomes King of Suevi (582-584)
584 Andeca becomes King of Suevi (584-585)
585 Visigoths led by Leovigild defeat King Andeca and take over kingdom of his Suevians
586 Reccared I becomes King of the Visigoths (586-601)
587 Reccared I is converted from Arianism to orthodox Catholicism making his base in Teledo (Spain)
589 Pantardus made Bishop of Braga
589 Recarred I converts to Catholicism
589 Bishopric created for town of Aeminium (Coimbra)
7th C. --
601 Liuva II becomes King of the Visigoths (601-603)
603 Witteric becomes King of the Visigoths (603-610)
610 Gundemar becomes King of Visigoths (610-612)
612 Sisebur becomes King of the Visigoths (612-621)
621 Reccared II becomes King of the Visigoths (621)
621 Suintila becomes King of the Visigoths (621-631) - he is crowned with the title as the "King of all of Spain"
624 The Visigoths gain control of all of Iberia
631 Sisenand becomes King of the Visigoths (631-636)
633 Julian appointed Bishop of Braga
636 Chintila becomes King of the Visigoths (636-640)
640 Tulga becomes King of the Visigoths (640-642)
642 Chindasuinth becomes King of the Visigoths (642-653)
647 Middle Eastern Arabs move into North Africa and take Cathage (698)
649 Reccasuinth becomes King of the Visigoths
650 São Frutoso appointed Bishop of Braga
653 Pontamius appointed Bishop of Braga
653 Recdeswith becomes King of the Visigoths (653-672)
654 Reccesuinth promulagates "Forum Iudicum" - a code of Laws
663 Ecumenical Council of Braga
672 Wamba becomes King of the Visigoths (672-680)
675 Ecumenical Council of Braga
675 Leodegisius appointed Bishop of Braga
680 Erwig II becomes King of the Visigoths (680-687)
681 Luiva becomes Bishop of Braga
687 Ergica becomes King of the Visigoths (687-701)
693 Félix made last Bishop of Braga until removed by invading Moors
8th C. --
701 Wittiza becomes King of the Visigoths (701-710)
710 Roderic becomes King of the Visigoths (710-711)
710 Moor army led by Tarif Ibn Malluk makes first successful incursion into the lower part of the Iberia Peninsular
711 Agila II becomes King of the Visigoths (711-714)
711 The Umayyads led by Tariq ibn Ziyad invade from Africa with 12,000 men, landing at Gibraltar and commence the rapid defeat of the Visigoths
711 July - Battle of Guadelete - Umayyads defeat defending forces of Visigoths
-- --
2nd Period Roman Lusitania (3rd Century BC to 4th Century AD)
4rd Period Initial Moor Period (8th Century to 9th Century)
  Return to Index of History Periods
  NOTE
While we have taken every care in compiling the above information some conflicting dates, information and spelling were encountered. In such cases, we have opted to use our own discretion in choosing the information we think may be correct. Any additions or corrections should be sent to editor@portugal-info.net - Page last revised 24.02.2007




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